Majority of Moldovans is concerned about the high level of corruption, however they still recur to illegal practices
30 November 2015
A national study that measures the perceptions of population on corruption and assesses the vulnerabilities of sectors to unjustified incomes and property, conflicts of interest, incompatibilities, was released on 30 November 2015. The Report was prepared by the Independent Sociology and Information Service “OPINIA" within the framework of the project „Strengthening Capacity of the National Integrity Commission of the Republic of Moldova”, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania, co-funded and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The overwhelming majority of the population (96.7%) believe that corruption rate is high, regardless of their age, education level and area of residence.
Greed is perceived as a main reason for corruption behaviour, being mentioned by 15.5% of respondents. Another cause is the control over public institutions (13.9%), which implies the high political dependency of law enforcement and regulatory institutions.
On the other hand, 62% of the respondents admit to solve the problems informally implying corruption, 21.1% of them are willing to offer bribe to civil servants.
Being asked to recall the institutions responsible for fighting corruption - 92.7% of respondents primarily identified the National Anticorruption Centre (NAC). This is followed by the Prosecution (66.6%), National Integrity Commission - NIC (64.1%) and the Ministry of Interior (60.3%). Almost a third of the respondents (30%) - consider that NAC is quite effective in its work. At the same time, NIC was credited with 19.1%.
"It is well known that systemic corruption destroys democracy, undermines functionality of state institutions, erodes rule of law and general credibility in political system. Ultimately, it means less investments for a durable and sustainable development of the country and less opportunities for people, in particular those poor, to benefit from reforms and better public services. As the Report suggests, the roots of the wide-spread corruption are not only in the public sector, but also are supported by the non-awareness of the wider population and its readiness to offer bribes for getting faster and better services.", stated Dafina Gercheva, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative.
"The report confirms the major concern of Moldovan citizens on the level of corruption in society and the need of efficient consistent measures to combat corruption, at all levels and in all sectors. Romania is ready to provide support to Moldovan authorities, including to the National Integrity Commission, to reform in this key area. We rely on a strong political will of the political class to promote change and we hope that soon a package of laws in the field of integrity an incompatibilities, developed in the framework of this project supported by Romania, will be adopted.", stated Adrian Birla, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of Romania to the Republic of Moldova.
The Report analyzes the public perception of the impact of NIC’s activity. Thus, only 6.25% perceives a positive impact of their activity in cases of non-declaration of income and property. Still the majority is awaiting for an immediate effect as soon as irregularities are being detected.
"This survey provides an overview of our activity, so as evaluates our progress. The opinions expressed in the publication will guide our efforts in the field of integrity and counter-corruption, so as better shape and conduct the reform of the national anticorruption institutions, including the one I manage”, noted Anatolie Donciu, Chairman of the National Integrity Commission.
The interviewees have suggested to establish penalties for unjustified income and properties: a quarter of the respondents is advocating for confiscation. Another mentioned sanction is the penal one.
Regarding the conflict of interest, every fourth participant in the survey (18.8%) have mentioned that it happens frequently at staff recruiting stage in state institutions. 40.1% consider that NIC has a certain impact on the dimension of conflict of interest and is functioning according to the law.
Referring to incompatibilities, it is less known and understood by the population. However, almost half of the respondents could provide examples of persons who hold multiple public positions.
The Report includes a series of recommendations offered by four interviewed experts. Amon them, the establishment of new criteria for the appointment and recruitment in public functions, objective evaluation of the performances, carrying out awareness campaigns are to be highlighted.
The study was conducted from August to November 2015, on a representative national sample of 1,500 respondents.
Laura Bohanţov, Communications Analyst, tel. 068511883, firstname.lastname@example.org
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