Republic of Moldova ranks 107 out of 188 in Human Development Index
14 December 2015
Republic of Moldova ranks 107 out of 188 countries and territories in Human Development Index (HDI). The 2015 Human Development Report, was released today at a ceremony in Ethiopia, and urges governments to act now to ensure no one is left behind in the fast-changing world of work.
The report, titled ‘Work for Human Development’, calls for equitable and decent work for all. In doing so, it encourages governments to look beyond jobs to consider the many kinds of work, such as unpaid care, voluntary, or creative work that are important for human development. The report suggests that only by taking such a broad view can the benefits of work be truly harnessed for sustainable development.
Moldova’s HDI value for 2014 is 0.693, which puts the country in the medium human development category, positioning it at 107 out of 188 countries and territories. Between 1990 and 2014, Moldova’s HDI value has increased with 6.3 percent.
From Europe and Central Asia, countries which are close to Moldova in 2014 HDI rank and to some extent in population size are Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, which have HDIs ranked 109 and 114 respectively.
Between 1980 and 2014, Moldova’s life expectancy at birth increased by 6.6 years, mean years of schooling increased by 4.8 years and expected years of schooling decreased by 0.1 years. The gross national income per capita decreased by about 20.8 percent between 1990 and 2014.
“The Government of Moldova should demonstrate political will and further accelerate the implementation of the reform agenda. Promoting active labour market policy, matching the demand for a qualified labour force with the supply, and establishing a conducive business environment are key preconditions for advancing sustainable development and increasing national security and resilience”, said Dafina Gercheva, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative.
Such endeavours are fully aligned with the targets under the upcoming Sustainable Development Agenda, where decent jobs and economic growth are among the priority goals. Decent jobs were in fact flagged by people of Moldova in the national post-2015 consultations as their highest aspiration of future development and improvement of the living conditions.
Youth unemployment trends are worrisome and young people from Moldova tend to migrate for studies and jobs abroad. About 20-25% of the labor migrants are young people. This is mainly because of lack of relevant jobs, rather low salaries and lack of incentives for self-employment on local market. Public and private actors need to think and act together towards the development of soft skills of youth to create and follow their own career pathways. Moreover, apprenticeship programmes for youth have proved to be very successful and useful tools to accelerate youth relevant employment.
Furthermore human progress has been uneven, human deprivations are still widespread and much human potential remains unused. In Moldova 69 percent of urban people have access to safe drinking water, compared with only one fourth of rural people. Rural/urban disparities in access to basic social services are sharp in Moldova, notes the report.
The Human Development Report measures also sex-disaggregated data to calculate the Gender Development Index. For Moldova, the 2014 female value is 0.694 in contrast with 0.692 for males, resulting in a GDI value of 1.003. In term of gender inequality, Moldova ranks 50 out of 155 countries in the 2014 index. Every fifth MP is a woman and 93.6 percent of adult women have reached at least a secondary level of education. Female participation in the labour market is 37.6 percent compared to 44.2 for men.
The report urges countries to improve women’s lives by ensuring equal pay, providing decent parental leave, and tackling the harassment and the social norms that exclude so many of them from paid work. It also calls for more equitable distribution of care work.
NOTES TO EDITORS
ABOUT THIS REPORT: The Human Development Report is an editorially independent publication of the United Nations Development Programme. For free downloads of the 2015 Human Development Report, plus additional reference materials on its indices and specific regional implications, please visit: http://hdr.undp.org
2015 Human Development Report http://hdr.undp.org/en/2015-report
Full press package in all UN official languages http://hdr.undp.org/en/2015-report/press
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UNDP Moldova: Laura Bohantova, Communications Analyst, firstname.lastname@example.org, + 373 22 269112
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