Moldova on the Pathway to Achieving the Global Goals
28 September 2015
World leaders have adopted the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as Global Goals. They represent an agreed vision to put people and planet on a sustainable path by 2030. This is the bedrock of a new development agenda that can set the world on a course of action to end poverty, transform lives and protect the planet.
In Moldova, we focus our work on poverty reduction, access to education and women empowerment, where many challenges still persist.
The regional turbulence, together with the many challenges the country is facing, require new ingenious approaches from the people of Moldova and the development agencies working to support the country. I believe the new Goals will guide us through the next mile of development – from guaranteeing inclusive access to key services, which is the first step, to looking at the aspects of quality, accountability and justice.
The Sustainable Development Goals spell out how we work together to promote dignity, equality, justice, shared prosperity and well-being for all, while protecting the environment. We are the first generation that can end poverty and the last one that can avoid the worst effects of climate change.
I’ve learned from my work with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) that setting goals and targets works. A precedent has been set, for example, by the UNDP-EU biomass project. Moldova is now almost totally dependent on external energy sources. By 2020, it plans to generate a fifth of its energy from local renewable sources and reduce its overall greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent. Thanks to the UNDP-EU partnership we have demonstrated the potential of biomass, beginning with the installation of biomass heating systems in 144 public institutions and more than 600 private households, reaching more than 90,000 people throughout the country. The benefits are apparent: buildings were comfortably heated through the winter, and, more importantly, greenhouse gas emissions dropped significantly, by 30,000 tons of CO2 annually.
We look forward to continuing our work in the years to come.
Millions of people’s lives have improved due to concerted efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which serve as the foundation for the next global development agenda. MDGs targets have already been met on reducing poverty, increasing access to improved drinking water sources, improving the lives of slum dwellers and achieving gender parity in primary school. Moldova is a good example in this sense as the country managed to significantly reduce the rate of absolute and extreme poverty, achieving its targets before 2015: 11.4% and 0.1% in 2014 vs. targets of 20% and 3.5%, respectively. If trends continue, the world will meet more MDGs targets.
Over the past 20 years, the likelihood of a child dying before age five has been nearly cut in half. Globally, the maternal mortality ratio dropped by nearly half. More people than ever before are receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infection. More than six million deaths from malaria were averted due to substantial expansion of malaria interventions. Enormous progress has been made, showing the value of a unifying agenda underpinned by goals and targets. Yet despite this progress, the indignity of poverty has not been ended for all.
That’s why these 17 new Goals will continue this journey towards progress for everyone that aims to go even farther to focus the world on ending poverty, hunger and major health problems, as well as break new ground by setting goals and targets on inequalities, economic growth, decent jobs, energy, climate change, and peace and justice, among others.
I believe we will achieve substantial results by taking on the many interconnected challenges we face together. Taking action to achieve the Global Goals and building greater shared prosperity is in everybody’s best interest and provides enormous investment opportunities that will benefit all people and the planet. Success in this new ambitious agenda for global action will be driven by leaders, governments and people, especially at the local levels. The Goals should matter to all of us, and we all have a shared responsibility for our future.
Let’s focus on our shared problems and work on overcoming them. With new, interconnected Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that apply to all, we can go much further to end all forms of poverty, ensure no one is left behind, tackle unsustainable practices and chart a dignified future for all people in all countries.
UNDP stands ready to support Republic of Moldova as it develops its plans for making the SDGs a reality. We will work closely with the government, private sector, civil society and many other partners in the country to strive to achieve lasting results for people and planet.
Dafina Gercheva, UN Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative
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